Monday, 17 December 2012

Inwestycje ratują gospodarkę

Globalny kryzys gospodarczy bywa tłumaczony wieloma różnymi czynnikami. Nadmierne zadłużenie, chciwi bankierzy, zanik zaufania, spadające płace i słabnąca konsumpcja to tylko niektóre z przyczyn, które podawano, by wyjaśnić przedłużający się zamęt w gospodarce. Wszystko to niewątpliwie też odgrywa ważną rolę, ale „wielką recesję" ostatnich kilku lat można podsumować ostatecznie jako kryzys inwestycji.

Thursday, 13 December 2012

Death surge linked with mass privatisation

As many as one million working-age men died due to the economic shock of mass privatisation policies followed by post-communist countries in the 1990s, according to a new study published in The Lancet.
 
The Oxford-led study measured the relationship between death rates and the pace and scale of privatisation in 25 countries in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, dating back to the early 1990s. They found that mass privatisation came at a human cost: with an average surge in the number of deaths of 13 per cent or the equivalent of about one million lives.
 
The rapid privatisation programme, part of a plan known by economists as ‘shock therapy’, led to a 56 per cent increase in unemployment, which the study says played an important role in explaining why privatisation claimed so many lives. Many employers provided extensive health and social care for their employees, so through privatisation workers experienced the ‘double whammy’ of losing not only their livelihood but also their means of surviving the crisis.

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